Even in trace amounts, chemical pesticides can be dangerous for human consumption. While certain pesticides are allowed in the cultivation of cannabis and hemp, many are not eligible for use due to known or unknown dangers of consumption. Even if you aren’t using chemical pesticides, they can still infiltrate safe crops from neighboring farms. For this reason, it’s imperative to test for pesticides in the final product.
CannaSafe tests for 66 pesticides in Category 1 and Category 2, according to California state law. We can test for additional pesticides upon request.
What is a pesticide?
Pesticides are any substance used to deter, repel, or destroy insects or other organisms that are harmful to cultivated plants or animals. The chemicals in pesticides can endanger humans, and this is why we test for their presence in cannabis and hemp products.
Here are some of the pesticides we test for:
Insecticide that works as an organophosphate by inhibiting cholinesterase, which is an essential enzyme that keeps the nervous system working in both humans and insects. DDVP is used to control mushroom flies, aphids, spider mites, caterpillars, thrips, and white flies.
Highly toxic carbamate pesticide. Banned in pellet form in ecologically sensitive areas due to its toxicity. Used to kill insects, nematodes, and mites on contact or after ingestion. Capable of killing wildlife. Highly toxic to people upon contact or inhalation, and moderately toxic through dermal contact.
Insecticide used to kill cockroaches, ants, fleas, ticks, spiders, and other insects. While having nearly zero toxicity levels for mammals and birds, etofenprox is highly toxic to freshwater fish, invertebrates, and honey bees.
Insecticide typically used for pest mitigation around outdoor areas. Combats mosquitos, flies, fleas and ticks on pets, ants, and snails. Highly toxic to humans and can cause nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, fast pulse, and profuse sweating.
Highly toxic insecticide. No longer distributed in the U.S. after its 1998 cancellation due to concerns of its a high risk in causing cancer. Before then, it was typically used for subterranean control of termites.
Carbamate insecticide growth regulator. Used for flea, mosquito, cockroach, butterflies, moths, and scaled insects. Considered to have very low toxicity for mammals, but is moderately to highly toxic to fish.
Proinsecticide used for crop protection against mites and insects, and for termite control. Considered an environmental hazard and can cause acute toxicity. May be also be a carcinogenic.
Systemic imidazole fungicide used to control fungus, powdery mildew, and black spots. Used in postharvest treatment to prevent decay. Considered moderately toxic. In high concentrations, may cause goosebumps, muscle incoordination, reduced arterial tension, tremors, and vomiting.
Neonicotinoid insecticide that is toxic to plant pollinators like bees, butterflies, moths, and more. Considered an environmental hazard and causes acute toxicity if consumed. Moderate amounts may cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and headaches. Larger amounts may result in seizures, breathing issues, respiratory failure, muscle breakdown, kidney damage, and death.
Pesticide used to control livestock insects such as cattle grubs, lice, scabies, flies, and ticks. Considered acutely toxic and can cause nausea, dizziness, confusion, respiratory arrest, and death.
Insecticide and acaricide used to control boll weevils and sucking insects pests. Methyl parathion can cause acute toxicity upon inhalation and consumption. Moderate toxicity upon dermal absorption. Symptoms include respiratory issues, bloody noses, coughing, chest discomfort, pallor, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, eye pain, and more.
Plant growth regulator used to improve the balance between vegetative growth and fruit production. Discontinued by the manufacturer in 1989 and is currently registered for sole use in ornamental and bedding plants. Studies show that daminozide can cause an increase in the production of malignant and benign tumors.
Broad spectrum insecticide used to combat aphids, grasshoppers, leafhoppers, cutworms, caterpillars, and other insects. Highly toxic through all routes of exposure and causes impaired judgement, giddiness, tightness of the chest, blurred vision, tearing, hearing irregularities, and more.
Insecticide used to control insects in agricultural and ornamental crops. Considered to have a low toxicity point for mammals, but is considered a highly toxic material due to its acute toxicity for fish and aquatic invertebrates.
Rodenticide used to combat house mice, rats, and other rodents. Acute toxicity due to it being an anti-coagulant. Can cause hematoma, nose bleeds, bleeding gums, hematuria, and potentially hemorrhages in large doses.
Insecticide used on many different insects including cockroaches, termites, ants, beetles, flies, moths, fleas, and weevils. Considered to have an acute toxicity due to its ability to cause eye damage.
Insecticide commonly found in the removal treatment of fleas and ticks in the pet industry. Considered to have acute toxicity and can be harmful if consumed, inhaled, or through dermal contact. Highly toxic to aquatic species.
Rodenticide used to combat house mice, rats, and other rodents. Useful for rodents that are resistant to conventional anticoagulants. Causes acute toxicity and is harmful for wildlife through secondary contact.
Rodenticide used to combat house mice, rats, and other rodents. Causes acute toxicity through consumption, dermal absorption, and inhalation, and may cause reproductive harm in large amounts.
Insecticide used as a fumigant to control pests such as mosquito. Veterinarian use it in combating parasitic worms in dogs. Considered moderately to highly toxic through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption, and can cause respiratory issues, skin irritation, nausea, vomiting, eye pain, blurred vision, and death from respiratory failure or cardiac arrest.
Insecticide used to combat a wide range of insects including aphids, leaf miners, lepidopterous larvae, sawflies, and thrips. Considered a mild skin, eye, and respiratory irritant, but chronic toxicity has been shown to cause fetotoxin (poisoning of a fetus).
Broad spectrum insecticide used as an acaricide to control ticks and spiders, along with being used as fly bait. Highly toxic to humans when absorbed through the eyes or ingested. Moderately toxic when inhaled. Lower toxicity through dermal contact.
Preventative and curative system fungicide that combats diseases such as rice blast, rusts, downy mildew, powdery mildew, late blight, apple scab, and Septoria. Causes acute toxicity through large amounts of inhalation. Very toxic to aquatic life and can cause long-term effects on the aquatic environment.
Insecticide in soil application to combat insects such as wireworm, fleabeetle larvae, cutworm, rootworm, cutworm, and more. Acute toxicity through consumption and dermal absorption in large amounts. Can be fatal if inhaled.
Pesticide and fungicide, more commonly known as “Eagle 20.” Used to combat powdery mildew, dollar spot, summer patch, and more. Causes acute toxicity if large quantities are consumed, can cause severe eye damage, and may cause damage to an unborn child.
Fungicide used to combat different types of molds and fungi such as blue mold, gray mold, white mold, in an effort to protect plant health. An environmental hazard due to its toxicity to aquatic life with long-term effects upon the environment.
Fungicide treatment used to combat a range of diseases such as Fusarium, Rhizoctonia, and Alternaria. An environmental hazard due to its high toxicity for aquatic life and long-term effects upon the aquatic environment.
Systemic foliar fungicide used on a wide variety of crops to treat fungal diseases. Considered an irritant, a health hazard, and an environmental hazard due to its potential in causing issues like allergic skin reactions. Harmful if consumed and can cause fetal damage.
Wide spectrum insecticide that controls over 100 species of insects, and is also an molluscicide and an acaricide – working on snails, mites and ticks. Considered an irritant, carcinogen, and health and environmental hazard due to its harmful nature if consumed or inhaled. Highly toxic to aquatic life and the environment.
Systemic insecticide used to control many sucking species of insects such as rice hoppers, aphids, thrips, whiteflies, termites, turf insects, soil insects, and some beetles. Considered an irritant and environmental hazard due to its harmful nature if swallowed. Extremely toxic to aquatic life and could have long-term effects upon aquatic environments.
Foliar fungicide used in the treatment of rust, powdery mildew, and leaf and head diseases, among many others. Considered an irritant and health and environmental hazard for its harmful properties if consumed. May harmful to a fetus, and is extremely toxic to aquatic life, as well as birds and mammals. May have long-term effects on aquatic environments.
Insecticide working to control several species of moths, leafrollers, armyworms, caterpillars, white grubs, and beetles. An irritant and environmental hazard due to it potentially causing severe eye irritation or damage, respiratory tract irritation, and is extremely toxic to aquatic life and can have long-term effects on aquatic environments.
Non-systemic, wide spectrum insecticide and acaricide used to control sucking and chewing insects, as well as mosquitoes, flies, household insects, animal parasites (ectoparasites), and head and body lice. An irritant and environmental hazard due to it potentially causing an allergic skin reaction. Harmful if consumed and is extremely toxic to aquatic life. Can have long-term effects on aquatic environments.
Broad spectrum insecticide used to control insects including aphids, whiteflies, thrips, ricehoppers, ricebugs, mealybugs, white grubs, Colorado potato beetle, flea beetles, wireworms, ground beetles, leaf miners, and some lepidopterous species. An irritant and environmental hazard as it is dangerous if consumed and is extremely toxic to aquatic life, and can have long-term effects upon aquatic environments.
Non-systemic insecticide used to control several types of sucking and leaf-eating insects. Veterinarian uses for the treatment of fleas and ticks. An irritant due to it causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, weakness, headaches, and sweating upon consumption. An environmental hazard due to its extreme toxicity to aquatic life and long-term effects upon aquatic environments.
Systemic fungicide used to control soil borne pathogens and downy mildew. Used as a postharvest fungicide. Considered an irritant as it can cause an allergic skin reaction and is harmful if consumed.
Systemic insecticide and acaricide used to control a wide range of insect species including aphids, thrips, planthoppers, and whiteflies. An irritant that can cause an allergic skin reaction and is harmful if consumed. Causes issues such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, headache, dizziness, weakness, fatigue, involuntary muscle contractions, twitching, and other more severe issues.
Insecticide and molluscicide used to control sucking and biting insects, slugs, snails, and some soil pests. An acute toxin and environmental hazard due to its toxicity if consumed. Extremely toxic to aquatic life and can have long-term effects on aquatic environments.
HOW DO WE TEST?
In order to test for all 66 types of pesticides, we have to use two different types of analyses based on the properties of the pesticide. We test 61 pesticides via LC-MS/MS (liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry) and the other 5 are tested via GC-MS/MS (gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry).